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Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Agencies in East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda

Published Date: January 25, 2016

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R180.00

English
978-1-928331-14-8

Description

With reportedly over USD50 billion lost annually through graft and illicit practices, combating corruption in Africa has been challenging. However, laws and policies at the continental, regional and national levels have been promulgated and enacted by African leaders. These initiatives have included the establishment of anti-corruption agencies mandated to tackle graft at national level, as well as coordinate bodies at regional and continental levels to ensure the harmonisation of normative standards and the adoption of best practices in the fight against corruption.

Yet, given the disparity between the apparent impunity enjoyed by public servants and the anti-corruption rhetoric of governments in the region, the effectiveness of these agencies is viewed with scepticism. This continent-wide study of anti-corruption agencies aims to gauge their relevance and effectiveness by assessing their independence, mandate, available resources, national ownership, capacities and strategic positioning. These surveys include evidence-based recommendations calling for stronger, more relevant and effective institutions that are directly aligned to regional and continental anti-corruption frameworks, such as the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combating Corruption (AUCPCC), which the three countries in this current report – Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda – have all ratified.

 

CONTENTS

 

Preface v

Methodology vii

About the contributors vii

Acknowledgements xi

 

1 Overview 1

A. Executive summary 1

B. State of corruption 2

C. Civil society, donors and media engagement 3

D. Commitment to international conventions on corruption 3

E. Legal frameworks for preventing and combating corruption 3

F. Anti-corruption agencies 4

G. Conclusion 6

 

2 Kenya 7

A. Executive summary 7

B. Introduction 9

C. State of corruption 9

D. Civil society, donors and media engagement 14

E. Commitment to international conventions on corruption 15

F. Legal framework for preventing and combating corruption 17

G. Ethics and Anti-Corruption Commission 20

H. The EACC’s performance 41

I. Conclusion 43

J. Recommendations 44

 

3 Tanzania 48

A. Executive summary 48

B. Introduction 49

C. State of corruption 50

D. Civil society, donors and media engagement 53

E. Commitment to international conventions on corruption 54

F. Legal framework for preventing and combating corruption 56

G. Prevention and combating of corruption bureau 57

H. The PCCB’s performance 69

I. Conclusion 74

J. Recommendations 75

 

4 Uganda 80

A. Executive summary 80

B. Introduction 81

C. State of corruption 82

D. Civil society, donors and media engagement 83

E. Commitment to international conventions 84

F. Legal framework for preventing and combating corruption 84

G. The Inspectorate of Government 86

H. The IG’s performance 101

I. Conclusion 103

J. Recommendations 105

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