Knowledge for Justice: Critical Perspectives from Southern African-Nordic Research Partnerships

In this collection, an international diverse collection of scholars from the southern African and Nordic regions critically review the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in relation to their own areas of expertise, while placing the process of knowledge production in the spotlight. In Part I, the contributors provide a sober assessment of the obstacles that neo-liberal hegemony presents to substantive transformation. In Part Two, lessons learned from North–South research collaborations and academic exchanges are assessed in terms of their potential to offer real alternatives. In Part III, a set of case studies supply clear and nuanced analyses of the scale of the challenges faced in ensuring that no one is left behind.

This accessible and absorbing collection will be of interest to anyone interested in North–South research networks and in the contemporary debates on the role of knowledge production.

The Future of Scholarly Publishing: Open Access and the Economics of Digitisation

The formal scientific communication system is currently undergoing significant change. This is due to four developments: the digitisation of formal science communication; the economisation of academic publishing as profit drives many academic publishers and other providers of information; an increase in the self-observation of science by means of publication, citation and utility-based indicators; and the medialisation of science as its observation by the mass media intensifies. Previously, these developments have only been dealt with individually in the literature and by science-policy actors.

The Future of Scholarly Publishing documents the materials and results of an interdisciplinary working group commissioned by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities (BBAW) to analyse the future of scholarly publishing and to make recommendations on how to respond to the challenges posed by these developments.

As per the working group’s intention, the focus was mainly on the sciences and humanities in Germany. However, in the course of the work it became clear that the issues discussed by the group are equally relevant for academic publishing in other countries. As such, this book will contribute to the transfer of ideas and perspectives, and allow for mutual learning about the current and future state of scientific publishing in different settings.

La jurisprudence congolaise en matière de crimes de droit international: Une analyse des décisions des juridictions militaires congolaises en application du Statut de Rome

En 2004, un tribunal de Mbandaka, dans la province congolaise de l’Equateur, a décidé que le statut de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) répondait mieux que le code militaire congolais au cas qui lui était soumis. Cette décision a déclenché une avalanche d’autres décisions dans lesquelles, au cours des dix dernières années, les juges militaires à travers le pays ont systématiquement et délibérément écarté le code pénal militaire congolais auquel ils ont préféré les dispositions du Statut de Rome. L’importante jurisprudence née de ce mouvement compte parmi les expériences les plus innovantes d’application du statut de la CPI aux poursuites nationales des crimes graves.

Dans quelle mesure la jurisprudence congolaise s’aligne-t-elle sur celle des tribunaux pénaux internationaux, et tout particulièrement, sur celle de la Cour pénale internationale (CPI) dont les juridictions congolaises ont directement appliqué le Statut ? Dans quelle mesure la répression des crimes graves par les tribunaux congolais respecte-t-elle les normes relatives au procès équitable des personnes accusées ? Plus particulièrement, quelle est la place des victimes dans cette répression?

C’est à ces questions que cette étude tente de répondre à partir de l’analyse critique d’une trentaine de décisions par lesquelles les juges congolais ont fait application directe du statut de Rome aux cas de crimes de guerre et de crimes contre l’humanité qui leur étaient déférés.

Effectivité des agences nationales anti-corruption en Afrique de l’ouest: Bénin, Libéria, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal, Sierra Leone

Avec plus de 100 milliards de dollars perdus chaque année, d’après certaines informations, à cause de la corruption et autres pratiques illicites, la lutte contre la corruption en Afrique fait face à d’énormes défis. Cependant, des lois et politiques aux niveaux continental, régional et national ont été promulguées et adoptées par les dirigeants africains. Au nombre de ces initiatives il y a la création d’agences spécialisées mandatées pour lutter contre la corruption au niveau national, ainsi que l’institution aux niveaux régional et continental des mécanismes pour assurer l’harmonisation des normes et l’adoption des meilleures pratiques dans la lutte contre la corruption.

Pourtant, compte tenu de la disparité entre l’apparente impunité dont jouissent les fonctionnaires et la rhétorique anti-corruption des gouvernements de la région, l’efficacité de ces organismes est considérée avec scepticisme.

Cette étude des agences anti-corruption à l’échelle continentale vise à évaluer leur pertinence et leur efficacité en examinant leur indépendance, leurs mandats, les ressources disponibles, l’appropriation nationale, les capacités en leur sein et leur positionnement stratégique.

Ces enquêtes comprennent des recommandations fondées sur des preuves appelant à des institutions plus fortes, plus pertinentes et efficaces qui sont directement alignées sur les cadres régionaux et continentaux de lutte contre la corruption, comme la Convention de l’Union africaine sur la prévention et la lutte contre la corruption, que les six pays étudiés dans ce rapport – Bénin, Libéria, Niger, Nigeria, Sénégal et Sierra Leone – ont tous ratifiée.

Going to University: The Influence of Higher Education on the Lives of Young South Africans

Around the world, more young people than ever before are attending university. Student numbers in South Africa have doubled since democracy and for many families, higher education is a route to a better future for their children. But alongside the overwhelming demand for higher education, questions about its purposes have intensified. Deliberations about the curriculum, culture and costing of public higher education abound from student activists, academics, parents, civil society and policy-makers.
We know, from macro research, that South African graduates generally have good employment prospects. But little is known at a detailed level about how young people actually make use of their university experiences to craft their life courses. And even less is known about what happens to those who drop out.
This accessible book brings together the rich life stories of 73 young people, six years after they began their university studies. It traces how going to university influences not only their employment options, but also nurtures the agency needed to chart their own way and to engage critically with the world around them.
The book offers deep insights into the ways in which public higher education is both a private and public good, and it provides significant conclusions pertinent to anyone who works in – and cares
about – universities.

Effectiveness of Anti-Corruption Agencies in Southern Africa: Angola, Botswana, DRC, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe

With reportedly over USD100 billion lost annually through graft and illicit practices, combatting corruption in Africa has been challenging. However, laws and policies at the continental, regional and national levels have been promulgated and enacted by African leaders. These initiatives have included the establishment of anti-corruption agencies mandated to tackle graft at national level, as well as coordinate bodies at regional and continental levels to ensure the harmonisation of normative standards and the adoption of best practices in the fight against corruption.

Yet, given the disparity between the apparent impunity enjoyed by public servants and the anti-corruption rhetoric of governments in the region, the effectiveness of these agencies is viewed with scepticism. This continent-wide study of anti-corruption agencies aims to gauge their relevance and effectiveness by assessing their independence, mandate, available resources, national ownership, capacities and strategic positioning.

These surveys include evidence-based recommendations calling for stronger, more relevant and effective institutions that are directly aligned to regional and continental anti-corruption frameworks, such as the African Union Convention on Preventing and Combatting Corruption (AUCPCC), which the ten countries in this current report – Angola, Botswana, DRC, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe – have all ratified.